1970 – 1979

All events for 1970 – 1979
Frobisher Bay on December 2005
1970

Federal government regional offices with bilingual staff open in Frobisher Bay, Northwest Territories

In 1970, many federal public servants in the region speak French, as do almost all of the employees at Bell Canada’s new regional office.
Portrait de Edward Richard Schreyer
1970

In Manitoba, French is restored as a language of instruction, a status it had held until 1916

Premier Edward Schreyer’s New Democratic government passes Bill 113 to make this happen.
Keith Spicer's portrait
1970

Keith Spicer becomes the first Commissioner of Official Languages

The first Commissioner would play an important role in implementing the Official Languages Act.
The Festival's mascot
1970

The Festival du Voyageur is created for Manitoba’s Centennial celebrations

This celebration spotlights the importance of Franco-Manitobans’ contribution to the province’s development.
Logo of the Office International de la Francophonie
1970

The first international organization of La Francophonie is created

Canada is involved in the creation of the Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation.
1970

The Government of Canada creates the Official Languages in Education Program

Under this program, the government provides financial support for minority language education and second-language instruction.
1970

The Office of the Provincial Coordinator of French Language Services is created in Ontario

This office administers the Government of Ontario’s French-language services.
1970

Franco-Saskatchewanians become Fransaskois

The term “Fransaskois” is coined by Father Jean Patoine of Edmonton. It was not until the late 1970s, however, that Franco-Saskatchewanians began identifying with the term “Fransaskois.”
Pierre Elliott Trudeau and Robert Bourassa attending the funeral of Pierre Laporte. 
1970

A series of social and political events take place in Quebec, culminating in the October Crisis

The October Crisis occurs during a difficult time for Francophones in Quebec, who felt victimized by the power Anglophones held in society.
1971

Canada adopts an official multiculturalism policy

The Government of Canada adopts an official multiculturalism policy to recognize the contribution of cultural diversity to the Canadian social fabric.
 l'Eau Vive newspaper current logo (2016)
1971

The first edition of L’Eau vive, Saskatchewan’s only French-language weekly, is published

Its name comes from the French translation of the Cree word kisiskâciwanisîpiy, which means “swiftly-flowing river” and after which the province is named.
Théâtre du Nouvel-Ontario Logo
1971

The Théâtre du Nouvel-Ontario premieres, ushering in a renewal of Franco-Ontarian culture

The theatre company was founded in Sudbury by a group of Laurentian University students during French Ontario’s “cultural revolution.”
Saint-Boniface City Hall in 1970
1972

St. Boniface is incorporated into the City of Winnipeg

St. Boniface ceases to exist as an independent city and becomes a ward in the Manitoban capital.
1972

Report concludes that French should be the only official language of the province of Quebec

The Commission of Inquiry on the Position of the French Language and on Language Rights in Quebec (also known as the Gendron Commission) issues its findings.
1973

English or French: Canadian public servants can choose their language of work

The Parliament of Canada adopts the Resolution on Official Languages in the Public Service of Canada.
Poster of La nuit sur l'étang
1973

The first La Nuit sur l’étang concert is held in Ontario

This celebration of Franco-Ontarian culture takes place every spring in Sudbury.
1973

Two important organizations are founded in Eastern Canada

They are the Société des Acadiens du Nouveau-Brunswick and the Fédération des francophones de Terre-Neuve et du Labrador.
1974

Moncton Mayor Leonard Jones challenges the validity of New Brunswick’s Official Languages Act

He asks the Supreme Court of Canada to render a decision on the authority of Parliament and the Government of New Brunswick to pass language legislation.
Government of Manitoba's logo
1974

Manitoba establishes the Bureau de l’éducation française

This initiative responds to demands by the Société franco-manitobaine and by French-speaking parents.
Hôtel du Parlement du Québec, 1977
1974

Quebec passes its Official Language Act

The Official Language Act replaces the Act to promote the French language in Quebec and makes French the province’s official language.
1974

The Consumer Packaging and Labelling Regulations come into force

The Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act and its regulations on the bilingual packaging of products enter into effect.
Logo du Centre culturel franco-manitobain
1974

The Centre culturel franco-manitobain opens

The Centre plays an important role by featuring all forms of French-language artistic and cultural activities in the province of Manitoba.
A crowd attending the Superfrancofête
1974

The Festival international de la jeunesse francophone (known as Superfrancofête) kicks off in Québec City

Opening night at the Superfrancofête attracts over 100,000 people from around the world!
Franco-Ontarian Flag
1975

In Sudbury, the Franco-Ontarian flag flies for the first time

Franco-Ontarians are the first after the Acadians to have their own flag.
CASA logo
1975

The English-speaking community on Quebec’s Gaspé Coast founds the Committee for Anglophone Social Action

During this politically charged time in Quebec, English-speaking communities join forces to deal with the changes that are occurring.
FCFA logo
1975

The Fédération des francophones hors Québec is founded

With the creation of this organization, French-speaking minority communities across the country develop a common vision.
La Voix Acadienne logo
June 27, 1975

The first edition of La Voix acadienne hits the stands in Prince Edward Island

What begins as a summer project by the Société Saint-Thomas-d’Aquin generates so much interest that it is being published as a weekly newspaper a year later!
1976

Nova Scotia celebrates the first Festival de l’Escaouette in Chéticamp

The goal of the Festival is to inform visitors from here and abroad of Chéticamp’s Acadian heritage.
Association des gens de l'air du Québec Logo
1976

The Gens de l’air crisis erupts in Quebec

In the early 1970s, the expansion of the air transport industry and the arrival of a growing number of Francophones among its ranks lead to the idea that air communications could take place in French.
Festival Franco-Ontarien's logo
May 23, 1976

The first Festival franco-ontarien is held in the nation’s capital

It is a major event for Ontario’s Francophones and francophiles.
René Lévesque on provincial election night 
November 15, 1976

The Parti Québécois wins the provincial election with a strong majority

The Parti Québécois advocates independence for Quebec and protection of the French language.
Canadian Parents for French logo
1977

A group of parents forms an organization called Canadian Parents for French

This national network of volunteers seeks to encourage the learning of French as a second language.
1977

Katimavik is created

The youth exchange program arranges community work placements across the country for thousands of young Canadians and encourages second-language learning.
Portrait of Maxwell Yalden
1977

Maxwell Yalden is appointed as the second Commissioner of Official Languages

During this period of constitutional turmoil, Commissioner Yalden stresses that language guarantees require greater tolerance on the part of Canadians than they have shown in the past.
Canadian Parents for French logo
1977

The Alberta branch of Canadian Parents for French is founded

It is one of the first three provincial branches of the Canadian Parents for French network.
1977

The bilingualism bonus for federal public servants is introduced

The federal government begins paying a bilingualism bonus to all of its employees who hold a bilingual position.
Fédération culturelle canadienne-française's  Logo
1977

The Comité culturel des francophones hors Québec is created in St. Boniface, Manitoba

The purpose of the Comité, which would change its name to the Fédération culturelle canadienne-française, is to promote the artistic production and cultural expression of Canada’s Francophone and Acadian communities.
Canadian Parents for French logo
1977

The Ontario branch of Canadian Parents for French is founded

It is one of the first three provincial branches of the Canadian Parents for French network.
Canadian Parents for French logo
1977

The Prince Edward Island branch of Canadian Parents for French is founded

It is one of the first three provincial branches of the Canadian Parents for French network.
Charter of the French Language cover's picture
August 26, 1977

Quebec’s National Assembly adopts the Charter of the French Language

The provisions of the Charter of the French Language, commonly known as Bill 101, affect the activities of the government, commerce, business, education and the courts.
Fransaskois flag
1978

In Saskatchewan, a contest is held to choose the Fransaskois flag

The contest is sponsored by the Association jeunesse fransaskoise.
Canadian Parents for French logo
1978

The British Columbia and Yukon branch of Canadian Parents for French is founded

It is the fourth provincial/territorial branch of the Canadian Parents for French network.
Centre communautaire Sainte-Anne's logo
1978

The Centre communautaire Sainte-Anne officially opens in Fredericton, New Brunswick

This is the first school and community centre in Canada.
Franco-ténois Flag
1978

The Fédération franco-ténoise is created

Founded in Yellowknife, the Fédération defends the interests of the Northwest Territories’ French-speaking community.
1978

The Government of Canada creates the Court Challenges Program of Canada

The Program provides financial assistance to help individuals or groups clarify language rights before the courts.
1978

The Parliament of Canada amends the Criminal Code

The Criminal Code is amended to extend defendants’ rights.
1979

In the Blaikie case, the provisions of the Charter of the French Language that make French the only language of legislation are challenged

The Supreme Court of Canada decides that these provisions violate section 133 of the Constitution Act, 1867.
1979

In the Forest case, the Supreme Court of Canada rules that Manitoba’s Official Language Act is unconstitutional

This act declared English to be the only language of the registers and minutes of the legislature, courts and statutes of the province of Manitoba.
Convention d'orientation nationale des Acadiens. Edmunston (New Brunswick), 1979
1979

The Société des Acadiens du Nouveau-Brunswick organizes the Convention d’orientation nationale

In Edmundston, New Brunswick, 1,200 delegates discuss the creation of an Acadian province and a more equitable share of political power.
"Make some noise for l'Acadie"
August 15, 1979

A tintamarre rings out in New Brunswick and beyond

On the 375th anniversary of Acadia, the Société des Acadiens du Nouveau-Brunswick revives the tintamarre tradition.