Infographic: The French Presence in Newfoundland and Labrador

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The French Presence in Newfoundland and Labrador. Details in text following the infographic.
 
Text version: The French Presence in Newfoundland and Labrador

Text version: The French Presence in Newfoundland and Labrador

Nearly 5% of the population (23,455 people) can speak both English and French.

That’s 5 times more than in 1950!

 

French is:

  • the mother tongue of 0.6% of the population
  • the first official language spoken of 0.4% of the population

 

9,118 students are enrolled in French Immersion (14% of eligible enrolment).

30,287 students are enrolled in Core French (45% of eligible enrolment).

There are about 350 students enrolled in 5 French-language public schools in the province.

Where do francophones live?

Francophones in Newfoundland and Labrador are concentrated in three main regions: the Port au Port Peninsula, the St. John’s area and Labrador.

Economic regions:

  • Avalon Peninsula (St. John’s) 45%
  • South Coast–Burin Peninsula 4%
  • West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador (Port au Port Peninsula, Labrador) 42%
  • Notre Dame–Central Bonavista Bay 10%

Where were they (francophones) born?

  • Abroad: 11%
  • In Newfoundland and Labrador: 38%
  • Elsewhere in Canada: 50%

Celebrate!

March: The Jeux d’hiver franco-labradoriens are held annually in Labrador City.

May: Provincial Francophonie Day is held yearly on May 30.

August: Three annual folk festivals are held on the Port au Port Peninsula: Une Longue Veillée in Cape St. George, Une Journée dans l’Passé in Mainland and Un plaisir du vieux temps in Black Duck Brook.

November: The Festival du vent in St. John’s celebrates Francophone culture and music.

History

The first French fishermen arrived on the coast of Newfoundland in 1504. In 1660, a French colony was established at Plaisance (now Placentia). From the 17th century to the beginning of the 20th century, French and Acadian fishermen settled mainly near the banks of St. George’s Bay and on the southwest part of the island. The community spokesgroup, the Fédération des francophones de Terre-Neuve et du Labrador, was formed in 1973. The first French-language school was established in Mainland in 1984. The Franco-Newfoundlander and Labradorian flag was adopted in 1986. In 2015, the provincial government adopted its first French Language Services Policy.

Sources:

 

More information

Date modified:
2017-09-18